The Code of Hammurabi represents a lower view of human life than Moses. The two codes i. The Hebrew code mixes sacrificial laws with other laws. May he be given life forever! They will besiege all the cities throughout the land The differences between Mosaic Law and the Hammurabian Code are equally significant.
If the gardener do not work in the garden and the product fall off, the gardener shall pay in proportion to other neighboring gardens. Thus was Babylon quickly reduced to the small and minor state it had once been upon its founding. You will be uprooted from the land If a man rent his boat to a sailor, and the sailor is careless, and the boat is wrecked or goes aground, the sailor shall give the owner of the boat another boat as compensation.
While Hammurabi and Moses have some overlap like this, they also diverge on many points. At midday you will grope about like a blind man in the dark.
If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss. If any one hire a day laborer, he shall pay him from the New Year until the fifth month April to August, when days are long and the work hard six gerahs in money per day; from the sixth month to the end of the year he shall give him five gerahs per day.
You will be blessed in the city and blessed in the country. The stele was later plundered by the Elamites and removed to their capital, Susa ; it was rediscovered there in in Iran and is now in the Louvre Museum in Paris. If any one steal the property of a temple or of the court, he shall be put to death, and also the one who receives the stolen thing from him shall be put to death.
If the free-born woman had no gift she shall take all that her husband and she had earned and divide it into two parts; and the master of the slave shall take one-half and she shall take the other for her children.
If any one buy a male or female slave, and before a month has elapsed the benu-disease be developed, he shall return the slave to the seller, and receive the money which he had paid.
If he be not able to replace the corn, then he and his possessions shall be divided among the farmers whose corn he has flooded. If any one buy the field, garden, and house of a chieftain, man, or one subject to quit-rent, his contract tablet of sale shall be broken declared invalid and he loses his money.
If a man is taken prisoner in war, and there is a sustenance in his house, but his wife leave house and court, and go to another house: If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death. If any one leave his house, run away, and then his wife go to another house, if then he return, and wishes to take his wife back: If a "sister of a god" open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this woman be burned to death.
Wright argues that the Jewish Covenant Code is "directly, primarily, and throughout" based upon the Laws of Hammurabi.
The merchant is then proved to be a thief and shall be put to death. If a physician make a large incision with the operating knife, and kill him, or open a tumor with the operating knife, and cut out the eye, his hands shall be cut off. If fire break out in a house, and some one who comes to put it out cast his eye upon the property of the owner of the house, and take the property of the master of the house, he shall be thrown into that self-same fire.
I will take away sickness from among you, and none will miscarry or be barren in your land.
If any man, without the knowledge of the owner of a garden, fell a tree in a garden he shall pay half a mina in money. You must purge the evil from among you. If any one hire oxen, and kill them by bad treatment or blows, he shall compensate the owner, oxen for oxen.
My anger will be aroused, and I will kill you with the sword; your wives will become widows and your children fatherless. YHWH will plague you with diseases If one destroy the eye of a freeman or break the bone of a freeman he shall pay one mana of silver.
You shall not pervert justice; you shall not show partiality, nor take a bribeThe Code of Hammurabi vs. the Hebrew Law. The Code of Hammurabi and the Hebrew's law code are extremely similar although they do have some differences.
Both of the systems of law contain some of the same "eye for eye" concepts. Much of the code of Hammurabi involved laws related to slavery, dowry and marriage and standard wages for labor. The Mosaic Law does not specify a dowry, except in instances where the man seduces a virgin.
2 Likewise, no wage is specified for any kind of labor in the Mosaic Law. The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian code of law by which the nation is to live by, so both are sets of laws designed to help society function in ways so that it could prosper, and.
18 Wolf, Hammurabi and Moses: Law as a Mirror of Civilization Jaffery 10 the Code of Hammurabi cannot be considered to be a moral or humanitarian law code since it revolves around the concept of establishing justice through carrying out harsh punishments with minimal intervention from God.
The Code of Hammurabi and the Law of Moses in the Torah contain numerous similarities, but these are probably due to shared background and oral tradition, and it is unlikely that Hammurabi's laws exerted any direct impact on the later Mosaic ones. The Law of Moses was written by the finger of God (Ex ), and the Code of Hammurabi is preserved on a stele shaped like a finger.
Proto-laws before Hammurabi and Moses were descriptive and pointed to widow and orphan.Download